Liver transplantation after share 35: Impact on pretransplant and posttransplant costs and mortality

Clara T. Nicolas, Scott L. Nyberg, Julie K. Heimbach, Kymberly Watt, Harvey S. Chen, Matthew A. Hathcock, Walter K. Kremers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Share 35 was implemented in 2013 to direct livers to the most urgent candidates by prioritizing Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) ≥ 35 patients. We aim to evaluate this policy's impact on costs and mortality. Our study includes 834 wait-listed patients and 338 patients who received deceased donor, solitary liver transplants at Mayo Clinic between January 2010 and December 2014. Of these patients, 101 (30%) underwent transplantation after Share 35. After Share 35, 29 (28.7%) MELD ≥ 35 patients received transplants, as opposed to 46 (19.4%) in the pre–Share 35 era (P = 0.06). No significant difference in 90-day wait-list mortality (P = 0.29) nor 365-day posttransplant mortality (P = 0.68) was found between patients transplanted before or after Share 35. Mean costs were $3,049 (P = 0.30), $5226 (P = 0.18), and $10,826 (P = 0.03) lower post-Share 35 for the 30-, 90-, and 365-day pretransplant periods, and mean costs were $5010 (P = 0.41) and $5859 (P = 0.57) higher, and $9145 (P = 0.54) lower post-Share 35 for the 30-, 90-, and 365-day posttransplant periods. In conclusion, the added cost of transplanting more MELD ≥ 35 patients may be offset by pretransplant care cost reduction. Despite shifting organs to critically ill patients, Share 35 has not impacted mortality significantly. Liver Transplantation 23:11–18 2017 AASLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalLiver Transplantation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hepatology
  • Transplantation

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