Objectives We evaluated the outcomes of metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) patients who underwent liver metastases (LMs)-directed ablative radiotherapy (RT) and sought to characterize patients with more favorable prognosis. Methods A retrospective analysis of 76 MPC patients who underwent ablative RT (median dose, 50 Gy) to LM at 3 academic centers between 2008 and 2018 was performed. Endpoints were local control (LC), progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS) since RT. Results Median follow-up was 10.9 months. Liver metastases were metachronous in 68%. Before RT, LM was responsive/stable on chemotherapy (CTX) in 36% whereas progressive in 43%. Median carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) at RT was 334 U/mL. After RT, 32% had ≥6 months of CTX break. Twelve-month outcomes were: LC, 66%; progression-free survival, 7%; and OS, 38%. On multivariable analysis, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 2-3 (hazard ratio [HR], 13.49; P < 0.01), progressive LM on CTX (HR, 3.26; P < 0.01), and higher CA 19-9 (log10 scale; HR, 1.39; P < 0.01) at RT predicted worse OS. Conclusions Ablative RT to LM in setting of MPC may offer LC of systemic disease and thus quality time off CTX. Selected patients with good performance status, stable/responsive LM on CTX, and lower CA 19-9 have more favorable prognosis.
- liver metastasis
- pancreatic cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism