Live-cell single-molecule imaging reveals clathrin and caveolin-1 dependent docking of SMAD4 at the cell membrane

Yong Yang, Joy Wolfram, Jianliang Shen, Yuliang Zhao, Xiaohong Fang, Haifa Shen, Mauro Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling is important for many biological processes. Although the sequential events of this cascade are known, the dynamics remain speculative. Here, live-cell single-molecule total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy was used to monitor the dynamics of SMAD4, a TGF-β downstream effector, in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Contrary to previous belief, SMAD4 was detectable at the cytoplasmic membrane, displaying two subpopulations with different membrane docking behaviors. These subpopulations were regulated by clathrin and caveolin-1, and had opposing roles in the nuclear shuttling of SMAD4 and the subsequent transcriptional regulation of genes associated with cell migration. The notion that membrane-docking behaviors of downstream molecules could predict the cellular response to growth factors may revolutionize the way we view cell signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3912-3920
Number of pages9
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume587
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2013

Keywords

  • Caveolin-1
  • Clathrin
  • Membrane docking
  • SMAD4
  • Single-molecule fluorescence imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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