Live cell imaging of the cancer-related transcription factor RUNX2 during mitotic progression

Shirwin M. Pockwinse, Krishna P. Kota, Alexandre J.C. Quaresma, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Jane B. Lian, Andre J. Van Wijnen, Janet L. Stein, Gary S. Stein, Jeffrey A. Nickerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nuclear matrix bound transcription factor RUNX2 is a lineage-specific developmental regulator that is linked to cancer. We have previously shown that RUNX2 controls transcription of both RNA polymerase II genes and RNA polymerase I-dependent ribosomal RNA genes. RUNX2 is epigenetically retained through mitosis on both classes of target genes in condensed chromosomes. We have used fluorescence recovery after photobleaching to measure the relative binding kinetics of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-RUNX2 at transcription sites in the nucleus and nucleoli during interphase, as well as on mitotic chromosomes. RUNX2 becomes more strongly bound as cells go from interphase through prophase, with a doubling of the most tightly bound "immobile fraction." RUNX2 exchange then becomes much more facile during metaphase to telophase. During interphase the less tightly bound pool of RUNX2 exchanges more slowly at nucleoli than at subnuclear foci, and the non-exchanging immobile fraction is greater in nucleoli. These results are consistent with a model in which the molecular mechanism of RUNX2 binding is different at protein-coding and ribosomal RNA genes. The binding interactions of RUNX2 change as cells go through mitosis, with binding affinity increasing as chromosomes condense and then decreasing through subsequent mitotic phases. The increased binding affinity of RUNX2 at mitotic chromosomes may reflect its epigenetic function in "bookmarking" of target genes in cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1383-1389
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume226
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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    Pockwinse, S. M., Kota, K. P., Quaresma, A. J. C., Imbalzano, A. N., Lian, J. B., Van Wijnen, A. J., Stein, J. L., Stein, G. S., & Nickerson, J. A. (2011). Live cell imaging of the cancer-related transcription factor RUNX2 during mitotic progression. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 226(5), 1383-1389. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.22465