Lipopolysaccharide disrupts tight junctions in cholangiocyte monolayers by a c-Src-, TLR4-, and LBP-dependent mechanism

P. Sheth, N. Delos Santos, A. Seth, Nicholas F La Russo, R. K. Rao

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Abstract

Bile duct epithelium forms a barrier to the backflow of bile into the liver parenchyma. However, the structure and regulation of the tight junctions in bile duct epithelium is not well understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of lipopolysaccharide on tight junction integrity and barrier function in normal rat cholangiocyte monolayers. Lipopolysaccharide disrupts barrier function and increases paracellular permeability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Lipopolysaccharide induced a redistribution of tight junction proteins, occludin, claudin-1, claudin-4, and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 from the intercellular junctions and reduced the level of ZO-1. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein and PP2) prevented lipopolysaccharide-induced increase in permeability and subcellular redistribution of ZO-1. Reduced expression of c-Src, TLR4, or LBP by specific small interfering RNA attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability and redistribution of ZO-1. ML-7, a myosin light chain kinase inhibitor, attenuated LPS-induced permeability. Lipopolysaccharide treatment rapidly increased the phosphorylation of occludin and ZO-1 on tyrosine residues, which was prevented by genistein and PP2. Occludin and ZO-1 were found to be highly phosphorylated on threonine residues in intact cell monolayers. Threonine-phosphorylation of occludin was rapidly reduced by lipopolysaccharide administration. Lipopolysaccharide-induced dephosphorylation of occludin on Thr residues was prevented by genistein and PP2. In conclusion, lipopolysaccharide disrupts the tight junction of a bile duct epithelial monolayer by a c-Src-, TLR4-, LBP-, and myosin light chain kinase-dependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume293
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Tight Junctions
Lipopolysaccharides
Occludin
Genistein
Permeability
Bile Ducts
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
Threonine
Claudin-4
Epithelium
Claudin-1
Phosphorylation
Tight Junction Proteins
Intercellular Junctions
Bile
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Small Interfering RNA
Tyrosine
Liver

Keywords

  • Barrier function
  • Bile duct
  • c-Src
  • Occludin
  • Zonula occludens-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

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title = "Lipopolysaccharide disrupts tight junctions in cholangiocyte monolayers by a c-Src-, TLR4-, and LBP-dependent mechanism",
abstract = "Bile duct epithelium forms a barrier to the backflow of bile into the liver parenchyma. However, the structure and regulation of the tight junctions in bile duct epithelium is not well understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of lipopolysaccharide on tight junction integrity and barrier function in normal rat cholangiocyte monolayers. Lipopolysaccharide disrupts barrier function and increases paracellular permeability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Lipopolysaccharide induced a redistribution of tight junction proteins, occludin, claudin-1, claudin-4, and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 from the intercellular junctions and reduced the level of ZO-1. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein and PP2) prevented lipopolysaccharide-induced increase in permeability and subcellular redistribution of ZO-1. Reduced expression of c-Src, TLR4, or LBP by specific small interfering RNA attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability and redistribution of ZO-1. ML-7, a myosin light chain kinase inhibitor, attenuated LPS-induced permeability. Lipopolysaccharide treatment rapidly increased the phosphorylation of occludin and ZO-1 on tyrosine residues, which was prevented by genistein and PP2. Occludin and ZO-1 were found to be highly phosphorylated on threonine residues in intact cell monolayers. Threonine-phosphorylation of occludin was rapidly reduced by lipopolysaccharide administration. Lipopolysaccharide-induced dephosphorylation of occludin on Thr residues was prevented by genistein and PP2. In conclusion, lipopolysaccharide disrupts the tight junction of a bile duct epithelial monolayer by a c-Src-, TLR4-, LBP-, and myosin light chain kinase-dependent mechanism.",
keywords = "Barrier function, Bile duct, c-Src, Occludin, Zonula occludens-1",
author = "P. Sheth and {Delos Santos}, N. and A. Seth and {La Russo}, {Nicholas F} and Rao, {R. K.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipopolysaccharide disrupts tight junctions in cholangiocyte monolayers by a c-Src-, TLR4-, and LBP-dependent mechanism

AU - Sheth, P.

AU - Delos Santos, N.

AU - Seth, A.

AU - La Russo, Nicholas F

AU - Rao, R. K.

PY - 2007/7

Y1 - 2007/7

N2 - Bile duct epithelium forms a barrier to the backflow of bile into the liver parenchyma. However, the structure and regulation of the tight junctions in bile duct epithelium is not well understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of lipopolysaccharide on tight junction integrity and barrier function in normal rat cholangiocyte monolayers. Lipopolysaccharide disrupts barrier function and increases paracellular permeability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Lipopolysaccharide induced a redistribution of tight junction proteins, occludin, claudin-1, claudin-4, and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 from the intercellular junctions and reduced the level of ZO-1. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein and PP2) prevented lipopolysaccharide-induced increase in permeability and subcellular redistribution of ZO-1. Reduced expression of c-Src, TLR4, or LBP by specific small interfering RNA attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability and redistribution of ZO-1. ML-7, a myosin light chain kinase inhibitor, attenuated LPS-induced permeability. Lipopolysaccharide treatment rapidly increased the phosphorylation of occludin and ZO-1 on tyrosine residues, which was prevented by genistein and PP2. Occludin and ZO-1 were found to be highly phosphorylated on threonine residues in intact cell monolayers. Threonine-phosphorylation of occludin was rapidly reduced by lipopolysaccharide administration. Lipopolysaccharide-induced dephosphorylation of occludin on Thr residues was prevented by genistein and PP2. In conclusion, lipopolysaccharide disrupts the tight junction of a bile duct epithelial monolayer by a c-Src-, TLR4-, LBP-, and myosin light chain kinase-dependent mechanism.

AB - Bile duct epithelium forms a barrier to the backflow of bile into the liver parenchyma. However, the structure and regulation of the tight junctions in bile duct epithelium is not well understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of lipopolysaccharide on tight junction integrity and barrier function in normal rat cholangiocyte monolayers. Lipopolysaccharide disrupts barrier function and increases paracellular permeability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Lipopolysaccharide induced a redistribution of tight junction proteins, occludin, claudin-1, claudin-4, and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 from the intercellular junctions and reduced the level of ZO-1. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein and PP2) prevented lipopolysaccharide-induced increase in permeability and subcellular redistribution of ZO-1. Reduced expression of c-Src, TLR4, or LBP by specific small interfering RNA attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced permeability and redistribution of ZO-1. ML-7, a myosin light chain kinase inhibitor, attenuated LPS-induced permeability. Lipopolysaccharide treatment rapidly increased the phosphorylation of occludin and ZO-1 on tyrosine residues, which was prevented by genistein and PP2. Occludin and ZO-1 were found to be highly phosphorylated on threonine residues in intact cell monolayers. Threonine-phosphorylation of occludin was rapidly reduced by lipopolysaccharide administration. Lipopolysaccharide-induced dephosphorylation of occludin on Thr residues was prevented by genistein and PP2. In conclusion, lipopolysaccharide disrupts the tight junction of a bile duct epithelial monolayer by a c-Src-, TLR4-, LBP-, and myosin light chain kinase-dependent mechanism.

KW - Barrier function

KW - Bile duct

KW - c-Src

KW - Occludin

KW - Zonula occludens-1

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JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

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