RESULTS: We identified 29 patients with LT. Eighty-three percent were female; age at diagnosis ranged from 2 weeks to 68 years. Almost one-third of patients were symptomatic, with the most common symptoms being cough and hoarseness. The diagnosis of LT was incidental in 9 patients (31%). Seventy-two percent of patients developed hypothyroidism. Levothyroxine was the treatment of choice, followed by thyroidectomy. Two asymptomatic euthyroid patients were followed without any intervention.
CONCLUSION: Management of patients with LT should be individualized and guided by the patient's symptoms and thyroid hormone status.
OBJECTIVE: Lingual thyroid (LT) results from a developmental abnormality due to failure of the thyroid gland to descend to its pretracheal position. Given the low incidence of this disease, standardized management recommendations are lacking. We aimed to describe our institution's experience in LT management and to suggest a practice algorithm.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of LT diagnosed at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, between 1976 and 2010. Demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory data, treatment received, and outcomes were collected.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism