Background: The clinical phenotype of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) including primary myelofibrosis (PMF), polycythemia vera (PV), and essential thrombocytosis (ET) whom manifest WHO grade 1 marrow fibrosis is poorly defined. Current IWG-MRT criteria require 2+ marrow fibrosis for diagnosis of post PV/ET myelofibrosis (MF). In contrast, the 2008 WHO definition of PMF does not require a minimum fibrosis threshold. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 91 MPN patients with 1+ marrow fibrosis. We compared the clinical phenotype of sub threshold fibrosis PV/ET with that manifested by PMF. We applied the IWG-MRT criteria for post-PV/ET MF with the fibrosis component omitted and evaluated for percentage of criteria fulfillment. Results: When IWG-MRT criteria were applied to the PV/ET group, 38/58 (66%) of patients fulfilled criteria for diagnosis of post-PV/ET myelofibrosis except for the 2+ fibrosis requirement. Comparison of sub threshold fibrotic PV/ET clinical phenotype to PMF revealed similar characteristics including heavy symptomatic burden (57% and 52%), presence of splenomegaly (43% and 55%), leukoerythroblastic blood smear (38% and 45%), and median hemoglobin (12.8. g/dL and 11.1. g/dL). Conclusion: MPN progression represents a biological spectrum and definitions of progression in ET/PV may benefit from criteria not restricted by degree of fibrosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2015|
- Essential thrombocytosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research