Ligation of the β2 integrin triggers activation and degranulation of human eosinophils

Masahiko Kato, Robert T. Abraham, Shinji Okada, Hirohito Kita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evidence suggests that cellular adhesion is critical for eosinophil effector functions. Here, we tested the hypothesis that an adhesion molecule, specifically β2 integrin, participates in intracellular signaling events of eosinophils. Eosinophils stimulated with interleukin (IL)-5 and adherent to protein-coated tissue culture plates via β2 integrin (CD18) showed tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of proteins. Among these proteins, tyrosine phosphorylation of the 105 kD and 115 kD proteins and the product of the c-cbl protooncogene, Cbl, was specifically inhibited using soluble anti-CD 18 monoclonal antibody (mAb) to block eosinophil cell adhesion. Furthermore, phosphoinositide turnover of IL-5-stimulated adherent eosinophils was also inhibited by anti-CD18 mAb, suggesting that cellular adhesion plays important roles in eosinophil signal transduction. αMβ2 (Mac-1, CD11b/18) was one of the β2 integrins involved in eosinophil adhesion to protein-coated plates. We found that direct ligation of eosinophil αMβ2 with anti-CD11b mAb coupled to polystyrene microbeads induced tyrosine phosphorylation of a 115 kD protein and Cb1. Furthermore, antiCD11b mAb microbeads induced increases in both phosphoinositide hydrolysis and the eosinophil degranulation response. Control antibodies, such as mouse myeloma IgG1 and anti-HLA class I antigen mAb, did not induce these cellular responses. These results suggest that engagement of β2 integrin either by cell adhesion or by anti-CD11b mAb triggers activation of an intracellular signaling cascade, including protein tyrosine phosphorylation and phosphoinositide turnover, and subsequent cellular degranulation in human eosinophils. Tyrosine phosphorylation of a 115 kD protein and Cbl may play important roles in adhesion-dependent cellular functions of eosinophils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-686
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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