Leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome, Salvador, Brazil

Edilane L. Gouveia, John Metcalfe, Ana Luiza F. De Carvalho, Talita S.F. Aires, José Caetano Villasboas-Bisneto, Adriano Queirroz, Andréia C. Santos, Kátia Salgado, Mitermayer G. Reis, Albert I. Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the emergence of leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) in slum communities in Salvador, Brazil. Although active surveillance did not identify SPHS before 2003, 47 cases were identified from 2003 through 2005; the case-fatality rate was 74%. By 2005, SPHS caused 55% of the deaths due to leptospirosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-508
Number of pages4
JournalEmerging infectious diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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