Aims: Left ventricular (LV) remodelling after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) worsens outcome. The effect of sex on LV post-infarct remodelling is unknown. We therefore investigated the sex distribution and long-term prognosis of LV post-infarct remodelling after STEMI in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and optimal pharmacotherapy. Methods and results: Data were obtained from an ongoing primary PCI STEMI registry. LV remodelling was defined as ≥20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume at either 3, 6, or 12 months post-infarct, and LV remodelling impact on outcome was evaluated with a log-rank test. A total population of 1995 STEMI patients were analysed (mean age 60 ± 12 years): 1527 (77%) men and 468 (23%) women. The mean age of male patients was 60±11 versus 63±13 years for women (P < 0.001). A total of 953 (48%) patients experienced LV remodelling in the first 12 months of follow-up, and it was equally frequent amongst men (n = 729, 48%) and women (n = 224, 48%). After a median follow-up of 94 (interquartile range 69–119) months, 225 patients died: 171 (11%) men and 54 (12%) women. No survival difference was seen between remodellers and non-remodellers in the male (P = 0.113) and female (P = 0.920) groups. Conclusion: LV post-infarct remodelling incidence, as well as long-term survival of LV remodellers and non-remodellers, was similar in men and women who were treated with primary PCI and optimal pharmacotherapy post-STEMI.
- LV remodelling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine