Lateralization and localization of epilepsy related hemodynamic foci using presurgical fMRI

Clara Huishi Zhang, Yunfeng Lu, Benjamin Brinkmann, Kirk Welker, Gregory Worrell, Bin He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim was to develop a method for the purpose of localizing epilepsy related hemodynamic foci for patients suffering intractable focal epilepsy using task-free fMRI alone. Methods: We studied three groups of subjects: patients with intractable focal epilepsy, healthy volunteers performing motor tasks, and healthy volunteers in resting state. We performed spatial independent component analysis (ICA) on the fMRI alone data and developed a set of IC selection criteria to identify epilepsy related ICs. The method was then tested in the two healthy groups. Results: In seven out of the nine surgery patients, identified ICs were concordant with surgical resection. Our results were also consistent with presurgical evaluation of the remaining one patient without surgery and may explain why she was not suitable for resection treatment. In the motor task study of ten healthy subjects, our method revealed components with concordant spatial and temporal features as expected from the unilateral motor tasks. In the resting state study of seven healthy subjects, the method successfully rejected all components in four out of seven subjects as non-epilepsy related components. Conclusion: These results suggest the lateralization and localization value of fMRI alone in presurgical evaluation for patients with intractable unilateral focal epilepsy. Significance: The proposed method is noninvasive in nature and easy to implement. It has the potential to be incorporated in current presurgical workup for treating intractable focal epilepsy patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-38
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume126
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Default mode network
  • Epilepsy
  • FMRI
  • ICA
  • Lateralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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