Background: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is unresectable in 80% to 90% of cases. Placement of side-by-side bilateral self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) can be technically challenging in these patients because deployment of the first stent can preclude passage of the second stent. Methods: Using a prototype large-diameter therapeutic channel (6-mm) duodenoscope, we positioned guidewires into the right and left intrahepatic systems. Two predeployed uncovered SEMSs with 7.5F delivery systems were passed side by side over each guidewire and deployed simultaneously. Design: Observational clinical feasibility study. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Results: This technique was attempted in 6 patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction. Successful placement was achieved in all, with significant improvement in symptoms and cholestasis. Limitations: Small number of patients. Conclusion: This simple technique using a prototype large-diameter therapeutic channel duodenoscope facilitates placement of bilateral side-by-side hilar SEMSs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging