Objective: The effectiveness of surgical resection of large cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the lung remains poorly defined because of the histology's relatively low frequency, the tendency for presentation with high-stage disease, and the failure in most published series to separate large cell carcinomas from the other variants of non-small cell lung carcinoma. To define the effectiveness of surgical treatment of large cell carcinoma, we reviewed the Mayo Clinic experience over a 5-year period. Methods: We have retrospectively reviewed the Mayo Clinic experience with 61 patients with large cell carcinoma and 17 patients with adenocarcinoma with focal mucin production who came to surgical resection during the 5-year period of January 1, 1982, through December 31, 1986. Results: One-hundred percent 5-year follow-up was obtained. For the 61 patients with large cell carcinoma, the overall 5-year survival was 37%. Five-year survival for those with stage I tumors was 58% (n = 31), stage II 33% (n = 6), stage IIIA 15% (n = 20), stage HIB 0% (n = 2), and stage IV 0% (n = 2). No significant differences in survival were detected between the 61 patients with large cell carcinoma and the 17 patients with solid adenocarcinoma with mucin production. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a subset of patients with large cell carcinoma of the lung who can undergo resection with a reasonable expectation of long-term survival and that this survival is, stage for stage, comparable to or only slightly less than that achieved with other non-small cell lung carcinomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine