Surgical resection is the only potential curative treatment modality for colorectal cancer. However, laparotomy is associated with significant morbidity and morality, and a long convalescence. After the introduction of laparoscopic techniques that revolutionized cholecystectomy, it was natural that they should be applied to colorectal operations. However, the technique met a unique set risks and benefits in colorectal surgery, particularly colorectal cancer. This review discusses how these risks and benefits became apparent, how they have been addressed so far, and implications for the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas