The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) and human leukocyte antigen-DM (HLA-DM) genes are involved in the antigen-processing pathway of both HLA class I and class II-restricted antigen presentation. We hypothesized that polymorphisms within the TAP and DM genes may influence antibody levels following measles vaccination. We examined TAP and DM polymorphisms in 242 school children from Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA who received one dose of measles-mumps-rubella-II (MMR-II) vaccine at the age of 15 months. Based on the level of serum measles-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, subjects were classified as seronegatives (n = 72) or seropositives (n = 170). We determined TAP1 and TAP2 allele types by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of specific alleles (PASA) and determined DM allele type by PCR amplification followed by direct sequencing of the polymorphic sites. We analysed the data for any TAP or DM allelic association with antibody levels post measles vaccination using the chi-square test and univariate linear regression analysis. We found no trend in the overall distribution of TAP and DM genotype frequencies between seronegative and seropositive subjects, suggesting that TAP and DM polymorphism and antibody levels following measles vaccination are not directly associated. In addition, we did not find an association between TAP (TAP1, P = 0.71; TAP2, P = 0.87) or DM (DMA, P = 0.42; DMB, P = 0.71) homozygosity and seronegativity to measles vaccine in this study group. Our study suggests that TAP and DM gene polymorphisms do not influence antibody levels post measles vaccination.
ASJC Scopus subject areas