Laboratory analysis of acylcarnitines, 2020 update: a technical standard of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG)

ACMG Laboratory Quality Assurance Committee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acylcarnitine analysis is a useful test for identifying patients with inborn errors of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation and certain organic acidemias. Plasma is routinely used in the diagnostic workup of symptomatic patients. Urine analysis of targeted acylcarnitine species may be helpful in the diagnosis of glutaric acidemia type I and other disorders in which polar acylcarnitine species accumulate. For newborn screening applications, dried blood spot acylcarnitine analysis can be performed as a multiplex assay with other analytes, including amino acids, succinylacetone, guanidinoacetate, creatine, and lysophosphatidylcholines. Tandem mass spectrometric methodology, established more than 30 years ago, remains a valid approach for acylcarnitine analysis. The method involves flow-injection analysis of esterified or underivatized acylcarnitines species and detection using a precursor-ion scan. Alternative methods utilize liquid chromatographic separation of isomeric and isobaric species and/or detection by selected reaction monitoring. These technical standards were developed as a resource for diagnostic laboratory practices in acylcarnitine analysis, interpretation, and reporting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • acylcarnitine
  • clinical genetic testing
  • fatty acid oxidation disorders
  • organic acidemias
  • tandem mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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