ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel mutations have been identified in individuals with dilated cardiomyopathy and overt heart failure. Here, a common E23K functional polymorphism in the Kir6.2 channel pore versus cardiac phenotype was studied in a cross-sectional community-based cohort (n = 2,031). The KK genotype was associated with greater left ventricular size among subjects with increased stress load due to hypertension. These findings implicate Kir6.2 K23 as a risk factor for adverse subclinical myocardial remodeling, and underscore the significance of cardiac KATP channels within the population.
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