We used 11 cadaver elbows and a three-dimensional electromagnetic tracking device to record elbow movements before and after implantation of a 'loose-hinged' elbow prosthesis (modified Coonrad). During simulated active motion there was a maximum of 2.7° ( ± 1.5°) varus/valgus laxity in the cadaver joints. This increased slightly after total elbow arthroplasty to 3.8° ( ± 1.4°). These values are lower than those recorded for the cadaver joints and for the prostheses at the limits of their varus/valgus displacements, indicating that both behave as 'semi-constrained' joints under physiological conditions. They suggest that the muscles absorb some of the forces and moments that in a constrained prosthesis would be transferred to the prosthesis-bone interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine