Joint-articulating surface motion

Kenton R Kaufman, Kai Nan An

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Knowledge of joint-articulating surface motion is essential for design of prosthetic devices to restore function; assessment of joint wear, stability, and degeneration; and determination of proper diagnosis and surgical treatment of joint disease. In general, kinematic analysis of human movement can be arranged into two separate categories, (1) gross movement of the limb segments interconnected by joints, or (2) detailed analysis of joint articulating surface motion which is described in this chapter. Gross movement is the relative three-dimensional joint rotation as described by adopting the Eulerian angle system. Movement of this type is described in Chapter 5: Analysis of Gait. In general, the three-dimensional unconstrained rotation and translation of an articulating joint can be described utilizing the concept of the screw displacement axis. The most commonly used analytic method for the description of 6-degree-of-freedom displacement of a rigid body is the screw displacement axis (Kinzel et al., 1972; Spoor and Veldpaus, 1980; Woltring et al., 1985).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomechanics
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Practices
PublisherCRC Press
Pages3-1-3-44
ISBN (Electronic)9781439870990
ISBN (Print)9781439870983
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Joint-articulating surface motion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Kaufman, K. R., & An, K. N. (2014). Joint-articulating surface motion. In Biomechanics: Principles and Practices (pp. 3-1-3-44). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b15575