The JAK2V617F mutation is recurrent in polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia, which are myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) frequently associated with arterial and/or venous thromboembolism. More recently, the JAK2V617F mutation has been identified as a surrogate marker for subclinical or "occult" clonal myeloproliferation in patients with splanchnic venous thrombosis. However, information is limited regarding JAK2V617F-associated thrombosis outside the splanchnic district in patients without overt MPN. To address this issue, we retrospectively studied a consecutive series of 664 such patients who experienced thrombotic events characteristic of an MPN (500 with venous thromboembolism, 136 with stroke, and 28 with myocardial infarction at a young age). The JAK2V617F mutation was detected in only 6 (<1.0%) patients (5 with recurrent venous thromboembolism and 1 with stroke), and the mutant allele burden was low in all instances (range, 2.2%-7.5%). None of these 6 patients developed either overt MPN or recurrent thrombosis after a median follow-up of 40 months. We conclude that the prevalence of the JAK2V617F mutation in patients with nonsplanchnic venous thrombosis in the absence of MPN is too low to warrant mutation screening as part of the hypercoagulable work-up. Our study also suggests that the natural history of a JAK2V617F-positive "occult" MPN might be different from that of a typical MPN.
ASJC Scopus subject areas