Ixazomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: long-term follow-up including ixazomib maintenance

Shaji K. Kumar, Jesus G. Berdeja, Ruben Niesvizky, Sagar Lonial, Jacob P. Laubach, Mehdi Hamadani, A. Keith Stewart, Parameswaran Hari, Vivek Roy, Robert Vescio, Jonathan L. Kaufman, Deborah Berg, Eileen Liao, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Paul G. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triplet combinations containing a proteasome inhibitor are a standard of care in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). We examined the long-term efficacy and safety of the all-oral combination of weekly ixazomib plus lenalidomide-dexamethasone (IRd), followed by single-agent ixazomib maintenance in NDMM patients. Of 65 enrolled patients, 53 received ixazomib 4 mg (days 1, 8, and 15) plus lenalidomide 25 mg (days 1–21) and dexamethasone 40 mg (days 1, 8, 15, and 22) for up to twelve 28-day induction cycles. Twenty-three patients discontinued induction for stem cell transplantation (SCT). In the remaining 42 patients, overall response rate was 80%, including 63% ≥very good partial response (VGPR) and 32% complete responses. At a median follow-up of 56 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 35.4 months in the total population. Twenty-five patients received ixazomib maintenance; eight deepened their response (76% ≥VGPR), and median PFS was 37.2 months in this subgroup. Nine of 42 patients who did not proceed to SCT (14% of total population) had an adverse event requiring discontinuation. Ixazomib (median ≥ 96%) and lenalidomide (median 88–94%) relative dose intensities were maintained throughout treatment. Weekly IRd, followed by ixazomib maintenance, was highly active with acceptable toxicity, enabling long-term administration with no evidence of cumulative toxicities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1736-1746
Number of pages11
JournalLeukemia
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Kumar, S. K., Berdeja, J. G., Niesvizky, R., Lonial, S., Laubach, J. P., Hamadani, M., Stewart, A. K., Hari, P., Roy, V., Vescio, R., Kaufman, J. L., Berg, D., Liao, E., Rajkumar, S. V., & Richardson, P. G. (2019). Ixazomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: long-term follow-up including ixazomib maintenance. Leukemia, 33(7), 1736-1746. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41375-019-0384-1