Isolation of Tissue Extracellular Vesicles from the Liver

Kaori Ishiguro, Irene K. Yan, Tushar C Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) can be released from many different cell types and detected in most, if not all, body fluids. EVs can participate in cell-to-cell communication by shuttling bioactive molecules such as RNA or protein from one cell to another. Most studies of EVs have been performed in cell culture models or in EVs isolated from body fluids. There is emerging interest in the isolation of EVs from tissues to study their contribution to physiological processes and how they are altered in disease. The isolation of EVs with sufficient yield from tissues is technically challenging because of the need for tissue dissociation without cellular damage. This method describes a procedure for the isolation of EVs from mouse liver tissue. The method involves a two-step process starting with in situ collagenase digestion followed by differential ultra-centrifugation. Tissue perfusion using collagenase provides an advantage over mechanical cutting or homogenization of liver tissue due to its increased yield of obtained EVs. The use of this two-step process to isolate EVs from the liver will be useful for the study of tissue EVs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Issue number150
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2019

Fingerprint

Liver
Tissue
Body fluids
Collagenases
Body Fluids
Extracellular Vesicles
RNA
Cell culture
Physiological Phenomena
Centrifugation
Cell Communication
Proteins
Molecules
Digestion
Communication
Cell Culture Techniques
Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Isolation of Tissue Extracellular Vesicles from the Liver. / Ishiguro, Kaori; Yan, Irene K.; Patel, Tushar C.

In: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, No. 150, 21.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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