Isolation and structural studies of the intact scrapie agent protein

David C. Bolton, Paul E. Bendheim, Alan D. Marmorstein, Anna Potempska

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110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purification of the scrapie agent by methods using digestion with proteinase K yields a protein product, PrP-27-30, with an apparent mass of 27-30 kDa (D. C. Bolton et al. (1982) Science 218, 1309-1311; S. B. Prusiner et al. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 6942-6950). In contrast, a 33-37 kDa glycoprotein, HaSp33-37, was the major protein component isolated from scrapie-affected hamster brain by a procedure that did not use protease digestion. The purified fractions containing HaSp33-37 had >1011 LD50 units of the scrapie agent per milligram of protein. Proteinase K digestion of HaSp33-37 gave a product indistinguishable from PrP-27-30 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. The amino acid sequence of the first 22 residues of HaSp33-37 was determined. The sequence coincided with that predicted for the N-terminus of the precursor to PrP-27-30 (K. Basler et al. (1986) Cell 46, 417-428; N. K. Robakis et al. (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83, 6377-6381) after processing by signal protease. HaSp33-37 was digested with Nα-tosyl-l-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone-trypsin to produce a 29-32 kDa protein fragment; following digestion this fraction retained complete biological activity. The amino terminal sequence of the 29-32 kDa protein corresponded to a position intermediate between the amino termini of HaSp33-37 and PrP-27-30. We conclude that HaSp33-37 is the intact form of the scrapie agent protein and that PrP-27-30 is produced by proteinase K degradation when this enzyme is introduced during isolation of the scrapie agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-590
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume258
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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