MOG-Ab positive CNS demyelination typically involves the optic nerve and spinal cord. Recurrent episodes of myelitis without optic neuritis are very rare and according to current literature review represent about 3–5% of positive MOG-Ab cases. We report a 30-year-old woman with positive serum MOG-Ab suffering two discrete episodes of transverse myelitis without ophthalmic involvement. Repeated serum MOG-Ab test after the second relapse was positive, correlating with high likelihood of relapsing disease. Of note, our patient relapsed under Rituximab therapy, which does not seem to be uncommon for MOG-Ab patients. Patients with isolated or recurrent myelitis without optic involvement should be screened for anti MOG IgG as a part of their workup.
- Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)
- Optic neuritis
- Transverse myelitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology