Peripheral blood lymphocyte morphology and karyotype were correlated across the spectrum of cytogenetic abnormalities in 78 previously karyotyped cases of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Cases were classified according to French-American-British morphologic criteria as typical CLL or CLL, mixed-cell type; the latter category was divided into CLL with a mixture of small and large cells and CLL with increased prolymphocytes (CLL/PL). Other leukemic lymphoproliferative disorders were excluded from this analysis. CLL cases with normal karyotypes were more likely to demonstrate typical morphology than those with clonal abnormalities (P=.042). In addition, all six cases containing isolated 13q14 abnormalities had typical morphology, compared with six of 16 other isolated abnormalities (P=.009), including one of seven cases of isolated trisomy 12. In contrast with the cases of isolated 13q14 changes, only seven of 17 cases with 13q14 as part of complex abnormalities had typical morphology (P=.012). Trisomy 12 was associated with mixed-cell morphology, particularly CLL/PL, consistent with previous reports. We conclude that isolated 13q14 abnormalities and normal karyotype are associated with typical CLL morphology, while other clonal abnormalities, including trisomy 12, are associated with mixed-cell morphology. These results further support the concept of distinct CLL subgroups based on karyotype. Furthermore, the association of trisomy 12 and complex abnormalities with mixed-cell morphology may have implications for clonal evolution in CLL.
- B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Lymphocyte morphology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine