Is usage of a wellness center associated with improved quality of life?

Matthew M. Clark, Sarah M. Jenkins, Katherine A. Limoges, Philip T. Hagen, Kandace A. Lackore, Ann M. Harris, Brooke L. Werneburg, Beth A. Warren, Kerry D. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. There is limited documentation regarding the potential quality of life (QOL) benefits associated with use of a worksite wellness center. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between potential QOL change and use of a worksite wellness center during a 12-month period. Design. Analysis of an annual QOL wellness center member survey and wellness center use during a 12-month time period. Setting. A worksite wellness center. Participants. A total of 1151 employee wellness center members, average age of 39.5 years, 69.7% female, and 43.5% reported being overweight. Intervention. Members of the worksite wellness center have access to a range of fitness options, including exercise classes, water aerobics, an indoor track, strength training, and aerobic conditioning equipment. Additionally, nutritional classes are offered, and there is a wellness café. For resiliency, members can participate in wellness coaching or a stress-reduction group program. Method. Participants completed a baseline QOL survey and a second QOL survey 1 year later. An electronic entry system tracked use of the wellness center. Results. Participants were divided into four wellness center use quartiles: low users (less than once every 2 weeks), below-average users, above-average users, and high users (two to three visits per week). High users reported experiencing improvements in their physical QOL (p < .0001) compared with the low users. Additionally, low users experienced a greater decline in their mental QOL (p = .05) compared with high users. Conclusion. In a large sample of employees, use of a wellness center during a 12-month period was associated with benefits for physical QOL. QOL is an important domain of wellness; therefore, in addition to measuring physiologic changes, examining potential QOL changes may be another important outcome measure for wellness centers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-322
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • Prevention Research
  • Quality of Life
  • Usage
  • Wellness Center

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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