Background: Advances in minimally invasive surgery and perioperative care have decreased substantially the duration of time that patients spend recovering in hospital, with many laparoscopic procedures now being performed on an ambulatory basis. There are limited studies, however, on same-day discharge after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The objectives of this study were to investigate the outcomes and trends of ambulatory laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a multicenter cohort of patients. Methods: Adult patients who underwent elective laparoscopic adrenalectomy between 2005 and 2016 were identified in the database of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP). Baseline demographics and 30-day outcomes were compared between patients who underwent ambulatory laparoscopic adrenalectomy and those who were discharged after an inpatient stay. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards modelling were used to investigate the association between same-day discharge and 30-day complications and unplanned readmissions. Results: Of the 4,807 patients included in the study, 88 (1.8%) underwent ambulatory laparoscopic adrenalectomy and 4,719 (98.2%) were admitted after the adrenalectomy. The same-day discharge group contained fewer obese patients (37.2% vs 50%; P =.04), a lesser proportion of American Society of Anesthesiologists class III patients (45.5% vs 61%; P =.003), and more patients with primary aldosteronism (14.8% vs 6%; P =.002) compared with the inpatient group. After adjustment for confounders, same-day discharge was not associated with 30-day overall complications (OR 1.17, 95% CI 0.35–3.85; P =.80) or unplanned readmissions (HR 2.77, 95% CI 0.86–8.96; P =.09). The percentage of laparoscopic adrenalectomies performed on an ambulatory basis at hospitals participating in the ACS NSQIP remained low throughout the study period (0–3.1% per year) with no evidence of an increasing trend over time (P =.21). Conclusion: Ambulatory laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe and feasible alternative to inpatient hospitalization in selected patients. Further study is needed to determine the cost savings, barriers to uptake, and optimal selection criteria for this approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas