Is hormone replacement a risk factor for ischemic stroke in women with factor V Leiden mutation?

James F. Meschia, José Biller, Thomas Witt, Anne Greist, Steve N. Rhinehart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe a patient with multifocal cerebral ischemia whose only identified potential risk factors were use of postmenopausal hormone replacement and heterozygosity to factor V Leiden mutation. Design: A case report. Setting: A tertiary care center. Patient: A 51-year-old woman taking hormone replacement (0.625 mg/d of estrogen alternating with 10 mg/d of medroxyprogesterone) presented with a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. She had persistent multifocal nonenhancing lesions on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. A stereotactic biopsy of the brain performed to exclude gliomatosis cerebri was consistent with cerebral ischemia. An extensive evaluation to uncover the cause of stroke revealed only heterozygosity to factor V Leiden mutation. Main-Outcome and Results: Hormonal replacement was discontinued and the patient had no recurrent ischemic strokes. Conclusions: Postmenopausal hormonal replacement may be a risk factor for ischemic stroke in women with the factor V Leiden mutation. Ongoing trials of hormonal replacement provide an opportunity to test this hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1137-1139
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of neurology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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