Irreversible injury in anoxic hepatocytes precipitated by an abrupt increase in plasma membrane permeability.

B. Herman, A. L. Nieminen, Gregory James Gores, J. J. Lemasters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using low-light digitized video microscopy, the onset, progression, and reversibility of anoxic injury were assessed in single hepatocytes isolated from fasted rats. Cell-surface bleb formation occurred in three stages over 1-3 h after anoxia. Stage I was characterized by formation of numerous small blebs. In stage II, small blebs enlarged by coalescence and fusion to form a few large terminal blebs. Near the end of stage II, cells began to swell rapidly, ending with the apparent breakdown of one of the terminal blebs. Breakdown of the bleb membrane initiated stage III of injury and was coincident with a rapid increase of nonspecific permeability to organic cationic and anionic molecules. On reoxygenation, stages I and II were fully reversible, and plasma membrane blebs were resorbed completely within 6 min of reoxygenation without loss of viability. Stage III, however, was not reversible, and no morphological changes occurred on reoxygenation. The results indicate that onset of cell death owing to anoxia is a rapid event initiated by a sudden increase of nonspecific plasma membrane permeability caused by rupture of a terminal bleb. Anoxic injury is reversible until this event occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalThe FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Volume2
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

membrane permeability
Cell membranes
Blister
hepatocytes
hypoxia
Hepatocytes
Permeability
plasma membrane
Cell Membrane
Wounds and Injuries
Cell death
Coalescence
Rats
cell death
microscopy
permeability
Microscopic examination
Fusion reactions
viability
cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Irreversible injury in anoxic hepatocytes precipitated by an abrupt increase in plasma membrane permeability.",
abstract = "Using low-light digitized video microscopy, the onset, progression, and reversibility of anoxic injury were assessed in single hepatocytes isolated from fasted rats. Cell-surface bleb formation occurred in three stages over 1-3 h after anoxia. Stage I was characterized by formation of numerous small blebs. In stage II, small blebs enlarged by coalescence and fusion to form a few large terminal blebs. Near the end of stage II, cells began to swell rapidly, ending with the apparent breakdown of one of the terminal blebs. Breakdown of the bleb membrane initiated stage III of injury and was coincident with a rapid increase of nonspecific permeability to organic cationic and anionic molecules. On reoxygenation, stages I and II were fully reversible, and plasma membrane blebs were resorbed completely within 6 min of reoxygenation without loss of viability. Stage III, however, was not reversible, and no morphological changes occurred on reoxygenation. The results indicate that onset of cell death owing to anoxia is a rapid event initiated by a sudden increase of nonspecific plasma membrane permeability caused by rupture of a terminal bleb. Anoxic injury is reversible until this event occurs.",
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T1 - Irreversible injury in anoxic hepatocytes precipitated by an abrupt increase in plasma membrane permeability.

AU - Herman, B.

AU - Nieminen, A. L.

AU - Gores, Gregory James

AU - Lemasters, J. J.

PY - 1988/2

Y1 - 1988/2

N2 - Using low-light digitized video microscopy, the onset, progression, and reversibility of anoxic injury were assessed in single hepatocytes isolated from fasted rats. Cell-surface bleb formation occurred in three stages over 1-3 h after anoxia. Stage I was characterized by formation of numerous small blebs. In stage II, small blebs enlarged by coalescence and fusion to form a few large terminal blebs. Near the end of stage II, cells began to swell rapidly, ending with the apparent breakdown of one of the terminal blebs. Breakdown of the bleb membrane initiated stage III of injury and was coincident with a rapid increase of nonspecific permeability to organic cationic and anionic molecules. On reoxygenation, stages I and II were fully reversible, and plasma membrane blebs were resorbed completely within 6 min of reoxygenation without loss of viability. Stage III, however, was not reversible, and no morphological changes occurred on reoxygenation. The results indicate that onset of cell death owing to anoxia is a rapid event initiated by a sudden increase of nonspecific plasma membrane permeability caused by rupture of a terminal bleb. Anoxic injury is reversible until this event occurs.

AB - Using low-light digitized video microscopy, the onset, progression, and reversibility of anoxic injury were assessed in single hepatocytes isolated from fasted rats. Cell-surface bleb formation occurred in three stages over 1-3 h after anoxia. Stage I was characterized by formation of numerous small blebs. In stage II, small blebs enlarged by coalescence and fusion to form a few large terminal blebs. Near the end of stage II, cells began to swell rapidly, ending with the apparent breakdown of one of the terminal blebs. Breakdown of the bleb membrane initiated stage III of injury and was coincident with a rapid increase of nonspecific permeability to organic cationic and anionic molecules. On reoxygenation, stages I and II were fully reversible, and plasma membrane blebs were resorbed completely within 6 min of reoxygenation without loss of viability. Stage III, however, was not reversible, and no morphological changes occurred on reoxygenation. The results indicate that onset of cell death owing to anoxia is a rapid event initiated by a sudden increase of nonspecific plasma membrane permeability caused by rupture of a terminal bleb. Anoxic injury is reversible until this event occurs.

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