Involvement of Sp1 and SREBP-1a in transcriptional activation of the LDL receptor gene by insulin and LH in cultured porcine granulosa-luteal cells

Natesampillai Sekar, Johannes D. Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Luteinizing hormone (LH) and insulin stimulate transcriptional activity of the porcine low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) promoter supra-additively in primary cultures of granulosa-luteal cells. The mechanistic basis of this bihormonal interaction is unknown. The pig LDLR gene promoter includes three putative Sp1/Sp3-binding sites and one sterol response element (SRE) site 5′ upstream to the transcriptional start site. To assess the role of SRE-binding protein (SREBP) in LDLR gene regulation, swine granulosa-luteal cells were cotransfected with CMV/SREBP-1a or SREBP-2 and the pLDLR1076/luc promoter. SREBP-1a and SREBP-2 stimulated LDLR gene transcription eight- and fourfold, respectively. LH alone augmented stimulation by SREBP-1 twofold. Conversely, cotransfection of a dominant-negative mutant form of SREBP-1a repressed basal and hormonally stimulated LDLR promoter activity by >80% (P < 0.01). Mutation of the SRE - 167 ATCACCCCATG - 157 to - 167 ATCACCgCATG - 157 bp decreased basal expression by 50% and LH + insulin- and LH + IGF-I-stimulated transcriptional activity by 80% and >90%, respectively (both P > 0.01). Mutations within each of the three flanking putative Sp1/Sp3 sites at -216/-211, -201/-196, and -151/-146 bp in the LDLR gene promoter also reduced basal activity (by >85%) and hormonal responsiveness (>95%, P < 0.05). EMSA confirmed that presumptive SRE-1 and Sp1/Sp3 elements bind respective peptides. Mithramycin, an inhibitor of Sp1/Sp3 protein(s) binding, blocked hormonally induced LDLR promoter expression by 80%. Basal transcription and supra-additive stimulation of porcine LDLR gene transcription by LH and insulin in granulosa-luteal cells require SREBP-1a and Sp1/Sp3-binding elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E128-E135
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume287
Issue number1 50-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

Keywords

  • Gonadotropin
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-like growth factor I
  • Low-density lipoprotein
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Ovary
  • Promoter
  • Sterol response element-binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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