Intrinsic stability of an unconstrained metacarpophalangeal joint implant

P. L. Kung, P. Chou, R. L. Linscheid, L. J. Berglund, W. P. Cooney, K. N. An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To compare the intrinsic stability of an unconstrained resurfacing metacarpophalangeal arthroplasty to that of a normal human cadaveric joint. Design. Cadaveric joints and metacarpophalangeal prostheses were studied in a mechanical testing machine at different angles and axial loads to determine the stability ratio in eight directions of movement. Background. An unconstrained resurfacing arthroplasty was designed to replicate the normal anatomy with the exception of the proximal component having a greater arc of curvature on its dorsal aspect. Methods. Eight fresh-frozen cadaveric joints and five different sizes of the AVANTA metacarpophalangeal prosthesis were studied at 0°, 45° and 90° angles of flexion and at eight different directions of motion with three different axial loads (0, 20, 40 N). A 6-component load cell measured the force needed to sublux the joint. The stability ratio was the measured outcome and is defined as ratio of the force of subluxation to the axial force. Results and conclusions. The unconstrained resurfacing arthroplasty has more intrinsic stability than the cadaveric metacarpophalangeal joint in all eight directions tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty
  • In vitro
  • Intrinsic stability
  • Metacarpophalangeal joint
  • Unconstrained prosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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