Intravenous Versus Oral Acetaminophen in Outpatient Cystoscopy Procedures: Retrospective Comparison of Postoperative Opioid Requirements and Analgesia Scores

Todd M. Kor, Julian Naranjo, Atousa Deljou, Kimberly D. Evans, Darrell Schroeder, Juraj Sprung, Toby N. Weingarten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess if the choice of acetaminophen formulation (intravenous vs oral) when administered preoperatively for ambulatory cystoscopy procedures is associated with differences in anesthetic outcomes. Methods: Medical records of adult patients undergoing ambulatory cystoscopy procedures at an outpatient procedural center from July 1, 2014, through November 30, 2017, were abstracted. The association between anesthetic outcomes (severe pain, rescue opioids, postoperative nausea, and vomiting) and acetaminophen formulation was assessed. Propensity-adjusted analyses were performed using inverse probability of treatment weighting to account for potential confounders. Results: During the study time frame, there were 611 intravenous and 2955 oral acetaminophen administrations for cystoscopy procedures. Postoperative bladder spasms were a major contributor to severe pain and complicated 1036 cases, with similar rates between intravenous (N = 183, 29.9%) and oral (N = 853, 28.9%) formulations, P =.625. After adjusting for bladder spasms, intravenous acetaminophen was associated with longer anesthesia recovery (estimate 5.2 [95% CI 0.5-9.9] minutes, P =.030), use of rescue opioids (odds ratio 1.33 [1.07-1.66], P =.012), and postoperative nausea and vomiting (1.40 [1.02-1.93], P =.037), but not severe pain (1.07 [0.81-1.40], P =.640). Conclusion: Preoperative intravenous acetaminophen compared to oral acetaminophen for ambulatory cystoscopy procedures was not associated with better anesthetic outcomes. Bladder spasms were a major contributor to postoperative pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1691-1696
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume86
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • acetaminophen
  • ambulatory surgery
  • intravenous versus oral
  • pain scores
  • rescue opiate
  • urologic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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