Objective: To present our center's experience with a maintenance treatment algorithm for intravenous bevacizumab that allows for personalized therapy decisions. Patients and Methods: We reviewed all patients treated with intravenous bevacizumab for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia–related bleeding and/or high-output cardiac failure (HOCF) from January 1, 2013, to July 1, 2019, at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Data regarding subsequent bevacizumab dosing were abstracted. Results: A total of 57 patients (n=40, 70.2% females) were identified with a median age of 65 (55 to 74; range, 37 to 89) years. High-cardiac output state was present in 21 patients (36.8%) and 10 (17.5%) were treated with intravenous bevacizumab primarily for HOCF. The median duration of follow-up after completion of the initial intravenous bevacizumab treatment was 25 (12.3 to 40.8; range, 0.1 to 65.4) months. A total of 20 (35.1%) patients with a median follow-up of 13.5 (range, 0 to 48.4) months required no maintenance dosing throughout the duration of follow-up. Among those who required subsequent maintenance doses, only a small fraction (8 patients; 14.0%) required regular maintenance doses every 4 to 8 weeks during follow-up whereas the majority of patients required intermittent “as-needed” doses at varying intervals. Conclusion: There is significant inter-individual variability in the need for maintenance intravenous bevacizumab when patients are followed using a predefined bevacizumab maintenance dosing treatment algorithm. The use of “as-needed” maintenance bevacizumab appears to be an effective strategy for management of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia–related bleeding and HOCF.
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