Intrarenal delivery of mesenchymal stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells attenuates hypertensive cardiomyopathy in experimental renovascular hypertension

Alfonso Eirin, Xiang Yang Zhu, Behzad Ebrahimi, James D. Krier, Scott M. Riester, Andre J. van Wijnen, Amir Lerman, Lilach O. Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Renovascular hypertension (RVH) leads to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Intrarenal delivery of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) improves kidney function in porcine RVH, and the potent anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs may serve to blunt inflammatory mediators in the cardiorenal axis. However, their relative efficacy in attenuating cardiac injury and dysfunction remains unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that the cardioprotective effect of EPCs and MSCs delivered into the stenotic kidney in experimental RVH are comparable. Pigs (n = 7 per group) were studied after 10 weeks of RVH or control untreated or treated with a single intrarenal infusion of autologous EPCs or MSCs 4 weeks earlier. Cardiac and renal function (fast CT) and stenotic kidney release of inflammatory mediators (ELISA) were assessed in vivo, and myocardial inflammation, remodeling, and fibrosis ex vivo. After 10 weeks of RVH, blood pressure was not altered in cell-treated groups, yet stenotic kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blunted in RVH, improved in RVH + EPC, and normalized in RVH + MSCs. Stenotic kidney release of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and its myocardial expression were elevated in RVH + EPC, but normalized only in RVH + MSC pigs. RVH-induced LV hypertrophy was normalized in both EPC- and MSC-treated pigs, while diastolic function (E/A ratio) was restored to normal levels exclusively in RVH + MSCs. RVH-induced myocardial fibrosis and collagen deposition decreased in RVH + EPCs but further decreased in RVH + MSC-treated pigs. Intrarenal delivery of EPCs or MSCs attenuates RVH-induced myocardial injury, yet MSCs restore diastolic function more effectively than EPCs, possibly by greater improvement in renal function or reduction of MCP-1 release from the stenotic kidney. These observations suggest a therapeutic potential for EPCs and MSCs in preserving the myocardium in chronic experimental RVH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2041-2053
Number of pages13
JournalCell transplantation
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2015

Keywords

  • Myocardium
  • Progenitor cells
  • Renal hypertension
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

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