Intraoperative measurement of activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time by a portable laser photometer in patients following cardiopulmonary bypass

Gregory A. Nuttall, William C. Oliver, Froukje M. Beynen, Jean J. Dull, Michael J. Murray, William L. Nichols

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Abstract

Intraoperative capabilities to rapidly assess coagulation status following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may be of benefit in providing optimal hemostasis and transfusion management, because CPB causes abnormalities in coagulation that may increase morbidity and mortality. The Ciba Corning 512 coagulation monitor (Ciba Corning, Medfield, MA) is a compact and portable device that rapidly determines the prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in whole blood samples. One hundred patients requiring CPB had APTT and PT determined in whole blood specimens by the 512 coagulation monitor and in plasma specimens by the hospital laboratory from the same arterial blood sample obtained after protamine administration. Correlation coefficients of 0.95 and 0.77 were obtained for the paired APTT and PT tests, respectively (P < 0.01). A bias of 12.6 seconds and 0.77 seconds was determined for the APTT and PT, respectively. The 95% confidence intervals of the bias of the APTT and PT were 9.7 seconds to 15.5 seconds and 0.3 seconds to 1.16 seconds, respectively. The 512 coagulation monitor provided APTT and PT results in less than 3 minutes compared to approximately 45 minutes for the hospital laboratory. A reduction in accuracy was associated with the 512 coagulation monitor PT and APTT when different sampling sites were used. The 512 coagulation monitor accuracy was not affected by a variation of hemoglobin concentration or platelet count between 6 and 12 gm/dL and 15 to 300 · 109/L, respectively. In conclusion, the 512 coagulation monitor provided a rapid APTT and PT result, but the APTT was less accurate. Speeding access to hospital laboratory results would be even more efficacious and accurate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-409
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

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Keywords

  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • coagulation monitor
  • laser photometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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