Intraoperative lidocaine injection into the carotid sinus during endarterectomy

Cormac O. Maher, Nicholas M. Wetjen, Jonathan A. Friedman, Fredric B. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Object. Many surgeons inject a local anesthetic agent into the carotid sinus before carotid endarterectomy in an attempt to ameliorate perioperative hemodynamic instability. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of carotid sinus injection with lidocaine on perioperative hemodynamics and complications. Methods. The authors prospectively studied 92 patients in whom 100 consecutive carotid endarterectomies were performed by a single surgeon (eight procedures were bilateral). Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, in which either 0.5 ml of 1% lidocaine was injected into the carotid sinus nerve or no injection of lidocaine was administered before the arteriotomy. All patients were treated postoperatively according to a standard endarterectomy protocol. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of hypertension, hypotension, or the use of vasoactive medications in the operating room following restoration of carotid artery (CA) blood flow, in the recovery room, or in the intensive care unit. Conclusions. Injection of lidocaine into the carotid sinus at the time of endarterectomy is not associated with a significant improvement in any hemodynamic factor, from the time of restoration of CA blood flow to postoperative Day 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-83
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Carotid artery
  • Carotid endarterectomy
  • Hypertension
  • Hypotension
  • Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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