Intracranial angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma with rhabdoid features: a mimic of rhabdoid meningioma

M. Adelita Vizcaino, Caterina Giannini, Howard T. Chang, Benjamin R. Kipp, Karen Fritchie, Rachael Vaubel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is an uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that arises mostly in the extremities of young people and generally carries a good prognosis. Intracranial location is unusual and frequently associated with myxoid change. EWSR1 gene fusions with members of the CREB family (CREB1, ATF1, and CREM) are well-established events in AFH. These fusions have also been described in other neoplasms including intracranial myxoid mesenchymal tumor, and it is still uncertain whether the latter is a distinct entity or if it represents a myxoid variant of AFH. Here, we describe a rare falcine AFH presenting in a 50-year-old woman. The most striking feature of this tumor was its diffuse rhabdoid morphology with focal high mitotic activity, raising the consideration of rhabdoid meningioma (WHO grade III). The tumor cells were moderately positive for EMA and negative for progesterone receptor and SSTR2 prompting additional studies. Desmin was strongly positive and CD99 showed membranous immunoreactivity. BAP1, INI-1, and BRG1 expressions were retained. Next-generation sequencing analysis demonstrated an EWSR1–ATF1 gene fusion, supporting the diagnosis of an unusual rhabdoid variant of AFH. After gross total resection of this tumor, the patient remains free of disease 5 months after the surgery without additional treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBrain Tumor Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma
  • EWSR1–CREB fusion
  • Mesenchymal tumor
  • Myxoid
  • Rhabdoid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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