Intracellular brain pH and indicator tissue perfusion were measured with a lipid-soluble, pH-sensitive fluorescent indicator in 10 rabbits who had either severe or moderate focal ischemia depending on whether the middle cerebral artery was occluded at its main trunk or bifurcation. Preocclusion tissue indicator perfusion was 50.1 ml/100 g/min and intracellular brain pH was 7.03. In severe focal ischemia, immediate postocclusion tissue perfusion was 12.7 ml/100 g/min and intracellular brain pH was 6.64. Four hours after occlusion, the perfusion was 5.2 ml/100 g/min and intracellular brain pH was 6.08. There was EEG and histological confirmation of infarction. In the moderate focal ischemia group, immediate postocclusion flow was 20.0 ml/100 g/min and intracellular brain pH was 6.92. At 3 h, postocclusion tissue perfusion was 22.6 ml/100 g/min and intracellular brain pH was 6.86. Therefore, for the first 3 h, this ischemic penumbra was stable. At the fourth hour, both cerebral tissue perfusion and intracellular brain pH worsened. This suggests that the ischemic penumbra is a dynamic state. The rabbit is a good experimental model for the production of both severe and moderate focal ischemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine