Intracardiac echocardiography, defined as ultrasonographic navigation and visualization within large blood-filled cavities or vessels of the cardiovascular system, has recently undergone refinement as a clinical tool through technologic advances in transducer miniaturization. Intra-cardiac ultrasound catheters image at lower frequencies than current conventional intravascular ultrasound catheters used for intracoronary imaging. The lower imaging frequency enables greater tissue penetration, permitting whole-heart evaluation from a right-sided catheter position. Newer devices are steerable, have variable imaging frequency (5.5 to 10 MHz), and full Doppler capability (pulsed, continuous wave, and tissue Doppler). These advances have made intracardiac high-resolution imaging as well as hemodynamic assessment possible. A historical perspective, current capabilities and limitations, and potential clinical and research applications of this new imaging technique are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine