Objective: To evaluate inter-rater agreement for sonographic classification of stomach position (as a surrogate for liver herniation) in fetal left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (LCDH) among: (i) fetal medicine specialists from the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet) centers within and without the fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) consortium and in comparison to an expert external reviewer (ER1); and (iii) among two expert ERs (ER1 and ER2). Methods: Forty-eight physicians from 26 NAFTNet centers and 2 ERs were asked to assess 13 sonographic clips of isolated LCDH and classify stomach position as “intra-abdominal,” “anterior left chest,” “mid to posterior left chest,” or “retro-cardiac" based on the classification published by Basta et al.8 Interrater agreement was assessed by determining proportion of stomach position ratings concordant amongst NAFTNet participants and ER1. Agreement for stomach position between ERs was calculated using kappa statistics. Results: Agreement for stomach position was 69% (39%–85%; n = 19) and 54% (23%–92%; n = 29) among FETO and non-FETO NAFTNet participants, respectively, when compared to ER1. Most disagreement in stomach position was related to a discrepancy of one position. ERs were in agreement for stomach position in 5 of 13 cases (38.5%) and inter-rater agreement was highest for “anterior” stomach position. Conclusion: Interrater agreement for stomach position assessment in CDH was poor across NAFTNet and indeed amongst expert reviewers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology