International prognostic indices in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A comparison of IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI

Amy S. Ruppert, Jesse G. Dixon, Gilles Salles, Anna Wall, David Cunningham, Viola Poeschel, Corinne Haioun, Herve Tilly, Herve Ghesquieres, Marita Ziepert, Jocelyne Flament, Christopher Flowers, Qian Shi, Norbert Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Great heterogeneity in survival exists for patients newly diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Three scoring systems incorporating simple clinical parameters (age, lactate dehydrogenase, number/sites of involvement, stage, performance status) are widely used: the International Prognostic Index (IPI), revised IPI (R-IPI), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI). We evaluated 2124 DLBCL patients treated from 1998 to 2009 with frontline rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP; or variant) across 7 multicenter randomized clinical trials to determine which scoring system best discriminates overall survival (OS). Median age was 63 years, and 56% of patients were male. Five-year OS estimates ranged from 54% to 88%, from 61% to 93%, and from 49% to 92% using the IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI, respectively. The NCCN-IPI had the greatest absolute difference in OS estimates between the highest- and lowest-risk groups and best discriminated OS (concordance index = 0.632 vs 0.626 [IPI] vs 0.590 [R-IPI]). For each given IPI risk category, NCCN-IPI risk categories were significantly associated with OS (P ≤ .01); the reverse was not true, and the IPI did not provide additional significant prognostic information within all NCCN-IPI risk categories. Collectively, the NCCN-IPI outperformed the IPI and R-IPI. Patients with low-risk NCCN-IPI had favorable survival outcomes with little room for further improvement. In the rituximab era, none of the clinical risk scores identified a patient subgroup with long-term survival clearly <50%. Integrating molecular features of the tumor and microenvironment into the NCCN-IPI or IPI might better characterize a high-risk group for which novel treatment approaches are most needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2041-2048
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume135
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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    Ruppert, A. S., Dixon, J. G., Salles, G., Wall, A., Cunningham, D., Poeschel, V., Haioun, C., Tilly, H., Ghesquieres, H., Ziepert, M., Flament, J., Flowers, C., Shi, Q., & Schmitz, N. (2020). International prognostic indices in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A comparison of IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI. Blood, 135(23), 2041-2048. https://doi.org/10.1182/BLOOD.2019002729