Objective: To identify potentially actionable dosimetric predictors of local control (LC) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) brain metastases treated with single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Methods and materials: Patients with NSCLC brain metastases treated with single-fraction SRS were identified. Eligible patients had at least 1 follow-up magnetic resonance imaging scan and were without prior metastasectomy or SRS to the same lesion. LC and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Cox proportional hazards model was used for univariate (UVA) and multivariate analysis (MVA). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to identify optimal cut points for dose-volume histogram metrics relative to LC. Results: A total of 612 NSCLC brain metastasis were identified in 299 patients with single-fraction SRS between 1999 and 2014. Median follow-up was 10 months. Median OS from time of SRS was 11 months. Overall LC was 75% and 66% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. On UVA, increasing dose by any measure was associated with improved LC. On MVA, volume receiving at least 32 Gy (V32; hazard ratio [HR], 0.069; P <.000), along with higher prescription isodose (HR, 0.953; P =.031) and lower volume (HR, 1.359; P <.000), were independent predictors of improved LC. ROC analysis demonstrated a V32 of 24% to be most predictive for LC. For the entire cohort, 1-year LC for V32 ≥24% was 89% versus 67% for V32 <24% (P =.000). Stratifying by volume, lesions ≤2 cm (n = 323) had a 1-year LC of 95% versus 82% (P =.005) for V32 above and below 24%, respectively. For lesions 2.1 to 3 cm (n = 211), 1-year LC was 79% versus 59% (P =.003) for V32 above and below 24%, respectively. Total tumor volume alone was predictive for OS. Conclusions: Volume, prescription isodose line, and V32 are independent predictors of LC. V32 represents an actionable SRS treatment planning parameter for NSCLC brain metastases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging