Intermittent theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation for autism spectrum disorder

An open-label pilot study

Caio Abujadi, Paul E Croarkin, Biancab Bellini, Helena Brentani, Marcoa Marcolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) modulates synaptic plasticity more efficiently than standard repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivery and may be a promising modality for neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). At present there are few effective interventions for prefrontal cortex dysfunction in ASD. We report on an open-label, pilot study of intermittent TBS (iTBS) to target executive function deficits and restricted, repetitive behaviors in male children and adolescents with ASD. Methods: Ten right-handed, male participants, aged 9-17 years with ASD were enrolled in an open-label trial of iTBS treatment. Fifteen sessions of neuronavigated iTBS at 100% motor threshold targeting the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex were delivered over 3 weeks. Results: Parent report scores on the Repetitive Behavior Scale Revised and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale demonstrated improvements with iTBS treatment. Participants demonstrated improvements in perseverative errors on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and total time for the Stroop test. The iTBS treatments were well tolerated with no serious adverse effects. Conclusion: These preliminary results suggest that further controlled interventional studies of iTBS for ASD are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-311
Number of pages3
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Prefrontal Cortex
Stroop Test
Neuronal Plasticity
Executive Function
Therapeutics
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Intermittent theta burst stimulation
  • Noninvasive brain stimulation
  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Theta-burst stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Intermittent theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation for autism spectrum disorder : An open-label pilot study. / Abujadi, Caio; Croarkin, Paul E; Bellini, Biancab; Brentani, Helena; Marcolin, Marcoa.

In: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, Vol. 40, No. 3, 01.07.2018, p. 309-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abujadi, Caio ; Croarkin, Paul E ; Bellini, Biancab ; Brentani, Helena ; Marcolin, Marcoa. / Intermittent theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation for autism spectrum disorder : An open-label pilot study. In: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2018 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 309-311.
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