A bellows-based breath-hold monitoring and feedback system was developed and evaluated for use in intermittent-mode computed tomographic (CT) fluoroscopy-guided biopsy procedures in the lung or upper abdomen. The bellows system is described, and its feasibility is demonstrated in studies with a respiratory phantom and human volunteers. Results are reported for seven patients who underwent bellows-assisted biopsy. Breathhold monitoring and feedback with the bellows system allow the patient to perform reliable breath holding at a preselected level. This optimizes intermittent-mode CT fluoroscopy-guided biopsies by allowing consistent visualization of the target lesion throughout the procedure.
- Computed tomography (CT), guidance
- Computed tomography (CT), technology
- Lung, CT
- Lung, biopsy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging