Intermediate filaments in nervous tissues

Ronald K.H. Liem, Shu Hui Yen, Gary D. Salomon, Michael L. Shelanski

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357 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intermediate filaments have been isolated from rabbit intradural spinal nerve roots by the axonal flotation method. This method was modified to avoid exposure of axons to low ionic strength medium. The purified filaments are morphologically 75-80 pure. The gel electrophoretogram shows four major bands migrating at 200,000, 145,000, 68,000, and 60,000 daltons, respectively. A similar preparation from rabbit brain shows four major polypeptides with mol wt of 200,000, 145,000, 68,000, and 51,000 daltons. These results indicate that the neurofilament is composed of a triplet of polypeptides with mol wt of 200,000, 145,000, and 68,000 daltons. The 51,000-dalton band that appears in brain filament preparations as the major polypeptide seems to be of glial origin. The significance of the 60,000-dalton band in the nerve root filament preparation is unclear at this time. Antibodies raised against two of the triplet proteins isolated from calf brain localize by immunofluorescence to neurons in central and peripheral nerve. On the other hand, an antibody to the 51,000-dalton polypeptide gives only glial staining in the brain, and very weak peripheral nerve staining. Prolonged exposure of axons to low ionic strength medium solubilizes almost all of the triplet polypeptides, leaving behind only the 51,000-dalton component. This would indicate that the neurofilament is soluble at low ionic strength, whereas the glial filament is not. These results indicate that neurofilaments and glial filaments are composed of different polypeptides and have different solubility characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-645
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1978

Keywords

  • Glial filaments
  • Neurofilaments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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    Liem, R. K. H., Yen, S. H., Salomon, G. D., & Shelanski, M. L. (1978). Intermediate filaments in nervous tissues. Journal of Cell Biology, 79(3), 637-645. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.79.3.637