An accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) is a feature characteristic of orbital connective tissues from patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) that leads directly to the clinical expressions of the disease. Interleukin- 1 (IL-1), produced by macrophages and fibroblasts within the diseased orbit, stimulates GAG synthesis by orbital fibroblasts. We designed the current study to determine whether particular agents might block this effect and thus be useful in the treatment of GO. Orbital fibroblast cultures were grown to confluence and incubated for 48 h with IL-1 (1-10 U/mL) alone or IL-1 (10 U/mL) in combination with IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra; 1-40 ng/mL) or soluble IL-1 receptor (sIL-1R; 0.25-10 μg/mL). Cells were labeled with [3H]glucosamine and processed for GAG quantitation. The addition of IL-1 alone stimulated GAG synthesis by 73-176% (mean, 104%; P < 0.05). Significant inhibition of IL-1-stimulated GAG synthesis was observed after treatment of normal fibroblasts with IL-1ra at a concentration of 5 ng/mL (12.5-fold molar excess; mean, 33%; P < 0.05); essentially complete inhibition was achieved at 40 ng/mL (100-fold molar excess; mean, 86%; P < 0.05). Significant inhibition of GAG synthesis by sIL-1R was observed at a concentration of 0.5 μg/mL (720-fold molar excess; mean, 79%; P < 0.05), and inhibition was essentially complete at 1 μg/mL (1440-fold molar excess; mean, 89%; P < 0.05). IL-1ra and sIL-1R are potent inhibitors of IL-1-induced GAG production by cultured human orbital fibroblasts. Our results suggest that these two compounds, shown in early trials to be safe when administered parenterally, may be useful in the prevention or treatment of lie.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical