Interferon-induced Inhibition of Moloney Sarcoma Virus-transformed Cells: Requirement for T-Cells

Mary B. Skicki-Mullen, Svetomir N. Markovic, Donna M. Murasko

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Abstract

We previously demonstrated that although natural killer (NK) cells participated in interferon (IFN)-induced inhibition of growth of the Moloney sarcoma MSC cell tumor, the need for NK cells could be circumvented by using a small tumor cell challenge or an increased amount of IFN. These studies were performed in normal, euthymic mice. The role of T-cells remained undefined. In the present study, nude mice were used to evaluate the role of T-cells. Investigation of various treatment regimens revealed that IFN could not totally inhibit tumor growth in nude mice. A significant delay in tumor growth was observed when 1 × 105 units of IFN were administered at the site of tumor on days 1-4 after tumor challenge. Increasing the dose of IFN or extending therapy to 7 days did not afford any further inhibition of tumor growth. In vivo depletion of NK cells with anti-asialo monoganglioside antibody revealed that the delay in tumor growth was dependent on NK cells when IFN was given on days 1-4. Treatment for days 1-7, however, still inhibited tumor growth in the NK cell-depleted nude mice. In order to further ascertain the role of T-cells in IFN-induced tumor inhibition, T-cell reconstitution studies of nude mice were performed. Nude mice were reconstituted with 1 × 107, 2 × 107, and 5 × 107 T-cells on day –1 to tumor challenge and treated with IFN on days 1-7. The extent of the observed decrease of tumor sizes and tumor incidences among the T-cell-reconstituted groups was dependent on the dose of T-cells being administered in both IFN-treated and untreated animals. These data indicate that T-cells are essential for maintaining the growth-inhibitory effects of IFN. This is in contrast to NK cells whose role in IFN-induced inhibition of MSC tumor growth can be circumvented by increasing the dose of IFN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-527
Number of pages6
JournalCancer research
Volume49
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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