Interactive stimulation by luteinizing hormone and insulin of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase (CYP17) genes in porcine theca cells

Gongqiao Zhang, James C. Garmey, Johannes D Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

LH and insulin are postulated to jointly stimulate theca-cell androgen biosynthesis in patients with hyperthecosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome. To explore the mechanisms of putative LH and insulin steroidogenic synergy in primary culture of normal theca cells, we have implemented an in vitro serum-free monolayer culture system of Percoll-purified, porcine theca cells harvested from immature ovaries. Initial dose and time course analyses revealed that a maximally effective concentration of LH (100 ng/ml) or insulin (100 ng/ml) individually will drive androstenedione production (at 6 to 48 h) by 1.5 to 2.6- and 1.1- to 1.7-fold, respectively, while combined agonists act synergistically over the interval 12 to 48 h yielding a 3- to 4-fold joint effect. Coadministration of LH and insulin can augment theca-cell concentrations of CYP17 and StAR messenger RNA (mRNA) resulting in 3.4- to 3.9- and 3.8- to 4.1-fold increases at 24 to 48 h, respectively (P < 0.01). Combined LH and insulin stimulation also amplified the nuclear content of intron-specific heterogeneous nuclear (hn)RNAs encoding CYP17 and StAR. Insulin significantly enhanced LH-driven but not basal cAMP accumulation (14-18 vs. 3-5.5 pmol/μg DNA/12-48 h) (P < 0.01). A stable exogenous analog of cAMP, 8 Br-cAMP, mimicked LH's effect on steroidogenesis and StAR and CYP17 gene expression and with insulin stimulated StAR mRNA and hnRNA accumulation synergistically. However, unlike LH, 8 Br-cAMP did not synergize with insulin on theca-cell androstenedione biosynthesis or CYP17 mRNA and hnRNA expression. In summary, the present in vitro data identify molecular interactions of LH and insulin on StAR and CYP17 gene expression, thus establishing potent signaling interfaces between these distinct hormonal agonists in regulating theca-cell steroidogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2735-2742
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume141
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase
Theca Cells
Luteinizing Hormone
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Swine
Insulin
Genes
Androstenedione
Regulator Genes
Messenger RNA
Heterogeneous Nuclear RNA
Gene Expression
steroidogenic acute regulatory protein
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Introns
Androgens
Ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Interactive stimulation by luteinizing hormone and insulin of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase (CYP17) genes in porcine theca cells. / Zhang, Gongqiao; Garmey, James C.; Veldhuis, Johannes D.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 141, No. 8, 2000, p. 2735-2742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{db9c28b7292e4a25a64967f1c077e2b0,
title = "Interactive stimulation by luteinizing hormone and insulin of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase (CYP17) genes in porcine theca cells",
abstract = "LH and insulin are postulated to jointly stimulate theca-cell androgen biosynthesis in patients with hyperthecosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome. To explore the mechanisms of putative LH and insulin steroidogenic synergy in primary culture of normal theca cells, we have implemented an in vitro serum-free monolayer culture system of Percoll-purified, porcine theca cells harvested from immature ovaries. Initial dose and time course analyses revealed that a maximally effective concentration of LH (100 ng/ml) or insulin (100 ng/ml) individually will drive androstenedione production (at 6 to 48 h) by 1.5 to 2.6- and 1.1- to 1.7-fold, respectively, while combined agonists act synergistically over the interval 12 to 48 h yielding a 3- to 4-fold joint effect. Coadministration of LH and insulin can augment theca-cell concentrations of CYP17 and StAR messenger RNA (mRNA) resulting in 3.4- to 3.9- and 3.8- to 4.1-fold increases at 24 to 48 h, respectively (P < 0.01). Combined LH and insulin stimulation also amplified the nuclear content of intron-specific heterogeneous nuclear (hn)RNAs encoding CYP17 and StAR. Insulin significantly enhanced LH-driven but not basal cAMP accumulation (14-18 vs. 3-5.5 pmol/μg DNA/12-48 h) (P < 0.01). A stable exogenous analog of cAMP, 8 Br-cAMP, mimicked LH's effect on steroidogenesis and StAR and CYP17 gene expression and with insulin stimulated StAR mRNA and hnRNA accumulation synergistically. However, unlike LH, 8 Br-cAMP did not synergize with insulin on theca-cell androstenedione biosynthesis or CYP17 mRNA and hnRNA expression. In summary, the present in vitro data identify molecular interactions of LH and insulin on StAR and CYP17 gene expression, thus establishing potent signaling interfaces between these distinct hormonal agonists in regulating theca-cell steroidogenesis.",
author = "Gongqiao Zhang and Garmey, {James C.} and Veldhuis, {Johannes D}",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1210/en.141.8.2735",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "141",
pages = "2735--2742",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactive stimulation by luteinizing hormone and insulin of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase (CYP17) genes in porcine theca cells

AU - Zhang, Gongqiao

AU - Garmey, James C.

AU - Veldhuis, Johannes D

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - LH and insulin are postulated to jointly stimulate theca-cell androgen biosynthesis in patients with hyperthecosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome. To explore the mechanisms of putative LH and insulin steroidogenic synergy in primary culture of normal theca cells, we have implemented an in vitro serum-free monolayer culture system of Percoll-purified, porcine theca cells harvested from immature ovaries. Initial dose and time course analyses revealed that a maximally effective concentration of LH (100 ng/ml) or insulin (100 ng/ml) individually will drive androstenedione production (at 6 to 48 h) by 1.5 to 2.6- and 1.1- to 1.7-fold, respectively, while combined agonists act synergistically over the interval 12 to 48 h yielding a 3- to 4-fold joint effect. Coadministration of LH and insulin can augment theca-cell concentrations of CYP17 and StAR messenger RNA (mRNA) resulting in 3.4- to 3.9- and 3.8- to 4.1-fold increases at 24 to 48 h, respectively (P < 0.01). Combined LH and insulin stimulation also amplified the nuclear content of intron-specific heterogeneous nuclear (hn)RNAs encoding CYP17 and StAR. Insulin significantly enhanced LH-driven but not basal cAMP accumulation (14-18 vs. 3-5.5 pmol/μg DNA/12-48 h) (P < 0.01). A stable exogenous analog of cAMP, 8 Br-cAMP, mimicked LH's effect on steroidogenesis and StAR and CYP17 gene expression and with insulin stimulated StAR mRNA and hnRNA accumulation synergistically. However, unlike LH, 8 Br-cAMP did not synergize with insulin on theca-cell androstenedione biosynthesis or CYP17 mRNA and hnRNA expression. In summary, the present in vitro data identify molecular interactions of LH and insulin on StAR and CYP17 gene expression, thus establishing potent signaling interfaces between these distinct hormonal agonists in regulating theca-cell steroidogenesis.

AB - LH and insulin are postulated to jointly stimulate theca-cell androgen biosynthesis in patients with hyperthecosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome. To explore the mechanisms of putative LH and insulin steroidogenic synergy in primary culture of normal theca cells, we have implemented an in vitro serum-free monolayer culture system of Percoll-purified, porcine theca cells harvested from immature ovaries. Initial dose and time course analyses revealed that a maximally effective concentration of LH (100 ng/ml) or insulin (100 ng/ml) individually will drive androstenedione production (at 6 to 48 h) by 1.5 to 2.6- and 1.1- to 1.7-fold, respectively, while combined agonists act synergistically over the interval 12 to 48 h yielding a 3- to 4-fold joint effect. Coadministration of LH and insulin can augment theca-cell concentrations of CYP17 and StAR messenger RNA (mRNA) resulting in 3.4- to 3.9- and 3.8- to 4.1-fold increases at 24 to 48 h, respectively (P < 0.01). Combined LH and insulin stimulation also amplified the nuclear content of intron-specific heterogeneous nuclear (hn)RNAs encoding CYP17 and StAR. Insulin significantly enhanced LH-driven but not basal cAMP accumulation (14-18 vs. 3-5.5 pmol/μg DNA/12-48 h) (P < 0.01). A stable exogenous analog of cAMP, 8 Br-cAMP, mimicked LH's effect on steroidogenesis and StAR and CYP17 gene expression and with insulin stimulated StAR mRNA and hnRNA accumulation synergistically. However, unlike LH, 8 Br-cAMP did not synergize with insulin on theca-cell androstenedione biosynthesis or CYP17 mRNA and hnRNA expression. In summary, the present in vitro data identify molecular interactions of LH and insulin on StAR and CYP17 gene expression, thus establishing potent signaling interfaces between these distinct hormonal agonists in regulating theca-cell steroidogenesis.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034463967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034463967&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1210/en.141.8.2735

DO - 10.1210/en.141.8.2735

M3 - Article

VL - 141

SP - 2735

EP - 2742

JO - Endocrinology

JF - Endocrinology

SN - 0013-7227

IS - 8

ER -