Interaction between endogenous opioids and IL-2 on PHA-stimulated human lymphocytes

N. E. Kay, J. E. Morley, J. I. Allen

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endogenous opioids exert a variety of extra central nervous system (CNS) functions, including modulation of some human lymphocyte functions. The latter opioid activity may result in elevation of human natural killer (NK) function (i.e. by β-endorphin), which is reversed by an opioid antagonist, Naloxone. Since recent evidence has suggested both structural and functional similarities between lymphokines known to elevate human NK function (interferon and interleukin-2) and endogenous opioids, we investigate if Naloxone could modulate lymphokine-enhanced huma NK activity. Naloxone blunted, in a dose-dependent fashion, the NK-enhancing activity of peripheral blood lymphocytes or large granular lymphocytes by recombinant interferon-alpha (IFN-α) or interleukin-2 (IL-2). Naloxone decreased the uptake of radiolabelled IL-2 receptors. β-endorphin also decreased the binding of radiolabelled IL-2 or IL-2 receptor-positive human lymphocytes. Finally, labelled Naloxone was inhibited from binding to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated lymphocytes by either β-endorphin or IL-2. These findings strongly suggest that human lymphocyte receptors for opioid, IFN or IL-2 molecules, once occupied, have distinct influences on the alternate receptor. In addition, these data further strengthen the potential role of CNS-mediated influences of the human immune system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalImmunology
Volume70
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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