Inter- and Intrarater Reliability of the Thumb Grasp and Pinch Assessment for Children Following Index Pollicization for Congenital Thumb Hypoplasia

Wendy A. Tomhave, Kathleen M. Kollitz, Steven Lawrence Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: The Thumb Grasp and Pinch (T-GAP) assessment quantifies functional hand use in children with congenital thumb hypoplasia by categorizing grasp and thumb use patterns during assessment activities that encourage a variety of grasp and pinch styles. This study aims to demonstrate interrater and intrarater reliability results of the T-GAP. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of children who had undergone index finger pollicization for congenital thumb hypoplasia and subsequent evaluation with videotaping of the T-GAP assessment. Following a training period, 4 occupational therapists scored 11 T-GAP videos on 2 separate occasions, separated by at least 2 weeks. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), standard error of measurements, minimum detectable change (MDC), and Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated. Results: The T-GAP raw scores were 16 to 55, demonstrating a range of mild to severe hand grasp differences. The ICCs for the interrater reliability trials were 0.887 and 0.901. Intrarater ICCs were all above 0.88. The MDC for each trial was 8.1 and 6.7 points. Pearson correlation coefficients calculated for each rater and each pair of raters were above 0.8 in all cases. Conclusions: Interrater and intrarater reliability testing results for the T-GAP were excellent in all cases; this strongly suggests that results from T-GAP assessments are reliable. The high ICCs suggest that raters can classify and score children's hand function consistently. Clinical relevance: This study, in conjunction with previous work, suggests that the T-GAP may be an ideal approach to assessing the outcomes of pollicization and provide a means of ongoing assessment of children's grip and pinch function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Assessment
  • dexterity
  • pollicization
  • reliability
  • thumb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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